Spine surgery is traditionally done as "open surgery," meaning the area being operated on is opened with a long incision to allow the surgeon to view and access the anatomy. Spine surgery is typically recommended only when a period of nonsurgical treatment — such as medications and physical therapy — has not relieved the painful symptoms caused by your back problem. In addition, surgery is only considered if your doctor can pinpoint the exact source of your pain, such as a herniated disk or spinal stenosis. Back surgery is usually a final treatment option for those experiencing chronic (long-term) neck or back pain.

In recent years, however, technological advances have allowed more back and neck conditions to be treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique. Because minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS), does not involve a long incision, it avoids significant damage to the muscles surrounding the spine. In most cases, this results in less pain after surgery and a faster recovery.Minimally invasive techniques are beginning to be used for a wider range of spine procedures, and have been used for common procedures like decompression and spinal fusion since the 1990s. Decompression relieves pressure put on spinal nerves by removing portions of bone or a herniated disk. Spinal fusion corrects problems with the small bones of the spine (vertebrae). The basic idea is to fuse together the painful vertebrae so that they heal into a single, solid bone. This article focuses on decompression and fusion with a minimally invasive technique. Conditions that can cause pain include bulging or herniated discs, vertebral fractures, bone spurs and spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal), among others. If any of these conditions involve the compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots, pain may manifest at the site of compression. Radiating pain, tingling, cramping, weakness and numbness may also affect the extremities.

Types of Spine Surgery:

1. Lumber Spine Surgery
2. Cervical Spine Surgery
3. Neuro Spine Surgery
4. Back Surgery and Neck Surgery